GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS
The British Columbia Medical Journal is a general medical journal that shares knowledge while building connections among BC physicians. We welcome letters, blog posts, review articles, scientific manuscripts, and updates on contemporary clinical practices from physicians in British Columbia and elsewhere. Several times a year, the BCMJ presents a theme issue devoted to a particular discipline or disease entity.
Manuscripts should not have been submitted to any other publication. Articles are subject to copyediting and editorial revisions, but authors remain responsible for statements in the work, including editorial changes; for accuracy of references; and for obtaining permissions.
The BCMJ endorses the “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals” by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (updated May 2023), and encourages authors to review the complete text of that document at www.icmje.org/recommendations.
All materials must be submitted electronically, preferably in Word, to the attention of the editor, BC Medical Journal, firstname.lastname@example.org. If you have any questions not answered below, please contact us at email@example.com or 604 638-2815.
Letters to the editor, articles, and scientific manuscripts must be reviewed and accepted by the BCMJ’s eight-member Editorial Board prior to publication. The Board normally meets the last Friday of most months, at which time submissions are distributed for review the following month. We acknowledge receipt of manuscripts and letters within 2 business days of receiving them. If you do not receive confirmation that we received your submission, please follow up with us; your submission may have been caught in our spam filter. The editor will contact authors of articles by email once the submission has been reviewed by the Board (usually within 8 to 10 weeks of submission). The general criteria for acceptance include accuracy, relevance to practising BC physicians, validity, originality, and clarity. The editor contacts authors to inform them whether the manuscript has been rejected, conditionally accepted (that is, accepted with revisions), or accepted as submitted. Scientific manuscripts and other articles typically take 5 to 10 months from the date of receipt to publication, depending on how quickly authors provide revisions and on the backlog of manuscripts scheduled for publication. If an author waits 6 months or longer to submit revisions to a manuscript that was conditionally accepted, it will be reviewed by the Board as a new manuscript. All content is available online.
For All Submissions
- Avoid unnecessary formatting; we strip all formatting from manuscripts.
- Double-space all parts of all submissions.
- Include your name, relevant degrees, email address, and phone number.
- Number all pages consecutively.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)–Assisted Technology
Authors must disclose whether they used artificial intelligence (AI)–assisted technologies (e.g., large language models, chatbots, or image creators) in the production of the manuscript. Authors who use such technology should describe how they used it in both a cover letter and an acknowledgment section in the manuscript.
Chatbots (such as ChatGPT) should not be listed as authors; they cannot be responsible for the accuracy, integrity, and originality of the work. Humans are responsible for any material that includes the use of AI-assisted technologies and should review and edit the results because AI can generate authoritative-sounding output that can be incorrect, incomplete, or biased. Do not list AI and AI-assisted technologies as co-authors, nor cite AI as an author. Authors should be able to assert that there is no plagiarism in their manuscript, including in text and images produced by AI. Humans must ensure there is appropriate attribution of all quoted material, including full citations.
- BCMD2B: (medical student page). An article on any medicine-related topic by a BC physician-in-training. Fewer than 2000 words. The BCMJ also welcomes student submissions of letters and scientific/clinical articles. BCMD2B and student-written clinical articles are eligible for an annual $1000 medical student writing prize.
- BC Stories: Write about a passion of yours (or a colleague’s) unrelated to being a physician. May be on any topic that relates to the life of a British Columbia physician outside of medicine. Consider arts, humanities, BC travel, sports, or anything else that you or your colleague is passionate about. For stories focusing on the medical career of a physician, use The Good Doctor section. Include high-resolution photos or other images when possible. Should be written in a personal, narrative voice, rather than a clinical one, and focus on BC. 1000–2000 words.
- Blog: A short, timely piece for online publication on www.bcmj.org/blog. Fewer than 500 words. Submissions on any health-related topic of interest to BC physicians will be considered. Should be current, contain links to related and source content, and be written in a conversational tone.
- Clinical Images: Submit an image with a case description or image description (200–300 words) with a maximum of five references. Images must be high resolution; if unsure, send highest resolution possible (up to 5 MB) and we will advise if necessary. Include patient consent form from www.bcmj.org/author-form.
- Letters: All letters must be signed and may be edited to meet journal style. Letters not addressed to the editor of the BCMJ (that is, letters copied to us) will not be published. Letters commenting on an article or letter published in the BCMJ must reach us within 6 months of the article or letter’s publication. No more than three authors. Fewer than 500 words. Additional information, including the BCMJ's policy on publishing anonymous content, is available at https://bcmj.org/submit-letter.
- News: A miscellany of short news items, notices, announcements, requests for study participants, and so on. Submit suggestions or text to firstname.lastname@example.org. Fewer than 500 words. Not included in print (online only).
- Obituaries: Include birth and death dates, full name and name deceased was best known by, key hospital and professional affiliations, relevant biographical data, and photo. Submissions will be edited for length (maximum 700 words for print, 2000 online).
- Point-Counterpoint: Essays presenting two opposing viewpoints; at least one is usually solicited by the BCMJ. Fewer than 2000 words each.
- Premise: Essays on any medicine-related topic (opinion pieces); may or may not be referenced. Fewer than 2000 words.
- Proust for Physicians: A brief questionnaire. Submit responses by completing our online questionnaire.
- Special Feature: Articles, stories, history, or any factual narrative that doesn’t fit elsewhere in the BCMJ. Fewer than 2000 words.
- The Good Doctor: A biographical feature of a living BC physician. Fewer than 2000 words.
Manuscripts of scientific/clinical articles should be 2000 to 4000 words in length, including tables and references. Manuscripts should contain no more than five tables and/or figures. The first page of the manuscript should carry the following:
- Title, and subtitle, if any.
- Preferred given name or initials and last name for each author, with relevant academic degrees.
- All authors' professional/institutional affiliations, sufficient to provide the basis for an author note such as: “Dr Sang is an associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of British Columbia and a staff gynecologist at Vancouver General Hospital.”
- A structured or unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words. If structured, the preferred headings are “Background,” “Methods,” “Results,” and “Conclusions.”
- Three key words or short phrases to assist in indexing.
- Competing interests, if any.
- Name, address, phone number, and email address of corresponding author.
The journal will communicate with the corresponding author during the manuscript submission, peer-review, and publication process. The corresponding author will be asked to respond to editorial queries, check page proofs for accuracy, and should be available to respond to any questions that arise after publication.
Survey studies must have a response rate of at least 50% in order for the manuscript to be reviewed for publication consideration. Manuscripts with less than this response rate will not be reviewed by the BCMJ Editorial Board. We recognize that it is not always possible to achieve this rate, so you may ask the editor in advance to waive this rule, and if the circumstances warrant it, the editor may agree to have the manuscript reviewed.
When submitting a clinical/scientific article, authors must follow and complete the applicable checklist of information to include.
Links to checklists are provided below.
• Case report: CARE checklist
• Clinical practice guidelines: AGREE reporting checklist
• Observational studies (choose the applicable STROBE checklist):
- STROBE checklist: combined
- STROBE checklist: cohort studies
- STROBE checklist: case-control studies
- STROBE checklist: cross-sectional studies
• Qualitative research SRQR: follow the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research
• Quality improvement studies: SQUIRE 2.0 checklist (2015 update)
• Randomised trials: CONSORT checklist (Word file is downloaded)
• Systematic reviews: PRISMA 2020 checklist
When submitting a clinical/scientific manuscript, all authors must complete the BCMJ’s five-part online Author Form.
1. Authorship. All authors must certify that they qualify as an author of the manuscript. To be listed as an author in the BCMJ, the following four conditions must be met:
- Substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; and
- Drafting the manuscript or reviewing it critically for important intellectual content; and
- Final approval of the version to be published; and
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Order of authorship is decided by the co-authors.
2. Copyright. All authors must agree to have their manuscript published in the BCMJ in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license. Copyright of published manuscripts will be held by the article’s authors or their institutions.
3. Disclosure. All authors must disclose if they have accepted any of the benefits listed on the form related to the content of the manuscript. Disclosure represents a commitment to transparency, helps reviewers determine whether the manuscript will be accepted for publication, and may be used for a note to accompany the text.
Note: Consent. If the manuscript is a case report or if an individual patient is described, written consent from the patient (or their legal guardian or substitute decision maker) must also be obtained on the Patient Consent Form.
4. Artificial Intelligence (AI)–Assisted Technology. Authors must disclose whether they used artificial intelligence (AI)–assisted technologies (e.g., large language models, chatbots, or image creators) in the production of the manuscript. Authors who use such technology should describe how they used it in both a cover letter and an acknowledgment section in the manuscript.
5. Checklists. When submitting a clinical/scientific article, authors must complete the applicable checklist of information to include. Links to the online checklists are provided above, as well as in the Author Form.
Manuscripts will not be reviewed without these documents.
References to published material
Try to keep references to fewer than 30. Authors are responsible for reference accuracy. References must be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text. Avoid using auto-numbering as this can cause problems during production.
Include all relevant details regarding publication, including correct abbreviation of journal titles, as in the List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE; year, volume number, and inclusive page numbers; full names and locations of book publishers; inclusive page numbers of relevant source material; full web address of the document, not just the host page, and date the page was accessed.
- Gilsanz V, Gibbons DT, Roe TF, et al. Vertebral bone density in children: Effect of puberty. Radiology 2019;166:847-850. (NB: List up to four authors or editors; for five or more, list first three and use et al.)
- Mollison PL. Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 2020. pp. 78-80.
- O’Reilly RA. Vitamin K antagonists. In: Colman RW, Hirsh J, Marder VJ, et al. (eds). Hemostasis and Thrombosis. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Co; 2017. pp. 1367-1372.
- Health Canada. Canadian STD Guidelines, 2021. Accessed 15 July 2022. www.hcsc.gc.ca/hpb/lcdc/publicat/std98/index.html. (NB: The access date is the date the author consulted the source.)
A book cited in full, without page number citations, should be listed separately under Additional or Suggested reading. Such a list should contain no more than five items.
References to unpublished material
These may include articles that have been read at a meeting or symposium but have not been published, or material accepted for publication but not yet published (in press).
- Maurice WL, Sheps SB, Schechter MT. Sexual activity with patients: A survey of BC physicians. Presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychiatric Association, Winnipeg, MB, 5 October 2018.
- Kim-Sing C, Kutynec C, Harris S, et al. Breast cancer and risk reduction: Diet, physical activity, and chemoprevention. CMAJ. In press.
Personal communications are not included in the reference list, but may be cited in the text, with type of communication (oral or written), communicant’s full name, affiliation, and date (e.g., oral communication with H.E. Marmon, director, BC Centre for Disease Control, 12 November 2021).
Material submitted for publication but not accepted should not be included.
It is the author’s responsibility to obtain written permission from both author and publisher for material, including figures and tables, taken or adapted from other sources. Permissions should accompany the article when submitted.
Should possible scientific misconduct or dishonesty in research submitted for review by the BCMJ be suspected or alleged, we reserve the right to forward any submitted manuscript to the sponsoring or funding institution or other appropriate authority for investigation. We recognize our responsibility to ensure that the question is appropriately pursued, but do not undertake the actual investigation or make determinations of misconduct.
Tables and figures
Tables and figures should supplement the text, not duplicate it. Keep length and number of tables and figures to a minimum; please supply no more than a total of five tables and/or figures. Include a descriptive title and units of measure for each table and figure. Obtain permission and acknowledge the source fully if you use data or figures from another published or unpublished source.
Tables. Please adhere to the following guidelines:
- Submit tables electronically as Word or Excel files so that they may be formatted for style. Please do not use shadowing or other special effects.
- Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.
- Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
- Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes.
- Ensure each table is cited in the text.
Figures (illustrations). Please adhere to the following guidelines:
- Images must be high resolution; if unsure, send highest resolution possible and we will advise if necessary.
- Number figures consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.
- Place titles and explanations in legends, not in or on the illustrations themselves.
- Provide internal scale markers for photomicrographs.
- Ensure each figure is cited in the text.
Report measurements of length, height, weight, and volume in metric units. Give temperatures in degrees Celsius and blood pressures in millimetres of mercury. Report hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements in the metric system according to the International System of Units (SI).
Except for units of measure, we discourage abbreviations. However, if a small number are necessary, use standard abbreviations only, preceded by the full name at first mention, e.g., in vitro fertilization (IVF). Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract.
Use generic drug names. Use lowercase for generic names, uppercase for brand names, e.g., venlafaxine hydrochloride (Effexor). Drugs not yet available in Canada should be so noted.
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Before you submit your manuscript, please ensure you have completed the following, or your manuscript may be returned:
- Author Form has been completed online.
- Appropriate checklist has been followed, if applicable (see Checklists section).
- Abstract is provided.
- Three key words are provided.
- Author information is provided for all authors.
- References in text are in correct numerical order.
- Reference list is in correct numerical order and is complete.
- References are in the style described above.
- All figures and tables are supplied.
- Permissions letters are included.