Findings in a recent article published in Preventive Medicine reveal that young men who have experienced depression early in life may be especially vulnerable to becoming sedentary later in life, and particularly to spending large amounts of time in front of a screen each day.
A study of 761 adults in Montreal who were identified at 20 years old as suffering from the symptoms of depression were asked to keep track of how much leisure time they spent in front of a TV or a computer screen (playing games or using the Internet) 4 years later. Researchers discovered striking differences between the amount of time young men spend in front of a screen compared with young women—an average of 4 more hours each week—and found the total number of hours spent in front of a screen was over 21 hours per week (more than twice the level of screen-time recommended by the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology for children and adolescents).
The next phase will look at how this screen time is being spent by men vs women, whether on social interactions and communications (activities that will help them deal with depression) or nonsocial interactions such as game-playing or checking the news (activities which may help them avoid the problem). To read the article, “Symptoms of depression are longitudinally associated with sedentary behaviors among young men but not among young women,” visit www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S009174351300457X.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org