Unhealthy northern communities

Issue: BCMJ, vol. 45 , No. 3 , April 2003 , Pages 115 Letters

It is perhaps presumptuous to draw conclusions from short acquaintances, however as the late Dr Kenneth Evelyn observed, whilst one swallow does not make a summer, one swallow is one swallow.

The article “Diabetic blood sugar control: An urban/rural comparison” [BCMJ 2002;44(10):537] refers to the Bella Coola Medical Clinic having a nurse “who is actively involved in providing diabetic education to parents.”

I recently had the good fortune to spend 5 days in Bella Bella which, apart from being an island, has much in common with Bella Coola. The most striking feature of the population was the gross obesity, especially of the children. I believe the cause was patently obvious. Everywhere one saw youngsters with vast bottles of sweetened carbonated beverages upon which they sucked as they walked. In many cases they were lugging along large bags of candy or crisps.

A visit to the Band store was revealing. The store was filled with shelf after shelf of junk food. A rough measure, by counting the number of shelves and pacing out their length, confirmed that more than one-third of the space was taken up by rubbish foods attractive to children. The few vegetables present offered little choice and appeared to be little in demand judging by the checkout. It is interesting what one can observe in an idle moment. Talking of which, a little lad was struggling home carrying an open bottle of pop and a jumbo-sized package of crisps, also open. Thus laden he stumbled and fell down on the road. Immediately a scramble ensued with a donnybrook involving four ravens, each the size of a barnyard fowl, a mangy-looking hungry cur, and the boy. The dog triumphed, but not before the ravens had snatched a good helping. The real loser was the child, who in the melee, spilled his bottle.

No doubt the pros and cons of various treatments of the ill effects of these dietary follies will be material for many more erudite papers in the years to come.

—H.E. Woolley, MD 
Vancouver

H. Ewart Woolley, MD. Unhealthy northern communities. BCMJ, Vol. 45, No. 3, April, 2003, Page(s) 115 - Letters.



Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

About the ICMJE and citation styles

The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.

An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.

BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:

  • Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
  • There is no period after the journal name.
  • Page numbers are not abbreviated.


For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org

BCMJ Guidelines for Authors

Leave a Reply