Photo radar, and stories from those close to people killed by a fast-moving vehicle

Issue: BCMJ, vol. 60 , No. 9 , November 2018 , Pages 428 Letters

In the September issue of the BCMJ, Ms Fahra Rajabali and colleagues wrote that the gross cost for the leading causes of injury (including transport incidents) in 2013 ranged from $547 to $922 million.[1] Dr Richardson’s editorial in the same issue asked for good studies,[2] and Dr Cadesky asked us to use science and stories to appeal to people.[3]

Here is some science: kinetic energy equals one half mass times velocity squared. In real-life terms, a motor vehicle causes more damage if it is moving fast. In a fact sheet on road safety,[4] the World Health Organization states the following:

  • “An increase in average speed of 1 km/h typically results in a 3% higher risk of a crash involving injury, with a 4–5% increase for crashes that result in fatalities.”
  • “For car occupants in a crash with an impact speed of 80 km/h, the likelihood of death is 20 times what it would have been at an impact speed of 30 km/h.”
  • “Pedestrians have been shown to have a 90% chance of survival when struck by a car travelling at 30 km/h or below, but . . . almost no chance of surviving an impact at 80 km/h.”
  • “Speed cameras are a highly cost-effective means of reducing road crashes.”

In the years 2008 through 2017, 3268 people died in motor vehicle incidents in British Columbia. Among the 298 people killed in motor vehicle incidents in BC in 2017, 163 were younger than age 50.[5] BC used to have speed enforcement by photo radar. Gordon Campbell promised to discontinue photo radar in the election campaign of 2001. He won the election, and scrapped photo radar.[6]

Some people might argue that it is ghoulish for doctors to engage with the family and friends of people who have died because of a speeding vehicle. It is not. If the family consents to sharing their story about a loved one killed by a fast-moving vehicle, the doctor and the family could ask a writer to draft a story for publication. Speed kills. Photo radar reduces speeding. I suggest that Doctors of BC recommend that the BC government bring back photo radar.
—Robert Shepherd, MD
Victoria

This letter was submitted in response to “The economic burden of injuries in British Columbia: Applying evidence to practice.”

Doctors of BC declined to comment because it does not have a policy or organizational position on photo radar.


References

1.    Rajabali F, Beaulieu E, Smith J, Pike I. The economic burden of injuries in British Columbia: Applying evidence to practice. BCMJ 2018;60:358-364.

2.    Richardson D. Spot-on studies. BCMJ 2018:60:341.

3.    Cadesky E. Pseudoscience, anti-science, and woo: This time it’s personal. BCMJ 2018;60:343.

4.    World Health Organization. Road safety – speed. Accessed 10 September 2018. www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/road_traffic/world_report/speed_en.pdf.

5.    BC Coroners Service. Motor vehicle incident deaths 2008–2017. Accessed 10 September 2018. www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/birth-adoption-death-marriage-and-divorce/deaths/coroners-service/statistical/mvi-incident.pdf.

6.    Lunman K. BC scraps photo radar as cabinet debuts on TV. The Globe and Mail. 28 June 2001. www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/bc-scraps-photo-radar-as-cabinet-debuts-on-tv/article4150046.

Robert Shepherd, MD. Photo radar, and stories from those close to people killed by a fast-moving vehicle. BCMJ, Vol. 60, No. 9, November, 2018, Page(s) 428 - Letters.



Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

About the ICMJE and citation styles

The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.

An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.

BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:

  • Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
  • There is no period after the journal name.
  • Page numbers are not abbreviated.


For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org

BCMJ Guidelines for Authors

Leave a Reply