Modern workers’ compensation systems are complex, and physicians who treat injured workers often have questions on how to best help their patients. Being familiar with the history and mandate of WorkSafeBC, British Columbia’s workers’ compensation board, may further physicians’ ability to help their patients with work-related injuries, diseases, and illnesses.
The pursuit of just compensation
Although there is evidence of compensation systems elsewhere in the world dating as far back as 2050 BC, workers’ compensation systems have existed in Canada only since the early 1900s. Before then, if a worker was injured on the job, they often received no compensation and risked permanent loss of their livelihood.
In 1910, the Ontario government commissioned Sir William Meredith to make recommendations on how to establish a workers’ compensation system in Ontario. The Meredith Report subsequently formed the basis for workers’ compensation systems in all provinces and territories in Canada. Sir Meredith noted the laws of the time were “entirely inadequate” to provide “just compensation” for injured workers. If a worker was injured and wanted to be compensated, they had to sue their employer in court—a costly proposition for both workers and employers.
In what is referred to as the “historic compromise,” a trade-off of rights, Sir Meredith proposed a no-fault compensation system in which workers would be compensated for a reduction in their earnings if they became ill or injured due to their work. In exchange, employers would be freed from legal liability and the costs of defending court cases. Employers would fund the system by paying insurance premiums.
Some additional features were added when BC’s Workmen’s Compensation Act came into effect in 1917. (The name was later changed to the Workers Compensation Act.) In a document known as the Pineo Report, a committee that advised on the scope of the original Act noted, “Laws which provide for the taxing of industry to furnish compensation for the victims of industrial accidents irrespective of fault are commendable and desirable, but laws which will prevent the happening of such accidents are of more vital importance.” This is how WorkSafeBC became the occupational health and safety regulator, with a mandate to prevent work-related injury and illness, in addition to being a compensation board.
WorkSafeBC’s mandate today
The Workers Compensation Act has been amended many times, most recently in 2022. Today, WorkSafeBC’s mandate is to:
- Promote the prevention of workplace injury, illness, and disease.
- Rehabilitate those who are injured and provide timely return to work.
- Provide fair compensation to replace workers’ loss of wages while recovering from injuries.
- Ensure sound financial management for a viable workers’ compensation system.
WorkSafeBC’s mandate on rehabilitation and timely return to work allows us to provide substantive assistance to help your patients who are injured workers achieve those goals. As workers look to their physicians for medical expertise, we value physicians’ role in helping these patients reach functional goals so they can participate in the activities that give life meaning, including work. You can make a difference by starting the conversation about clinical and vocational recovery early, underscoring the importance of them staying in touch with their workplace, and discussing what they are able to do.
If you have questions about how WorkSafeBC can support a patient’s vocational recovery, contact us using the RACE service (phone or app) or request a callback on the Physician’s Report (Form 8/11).
—Tung Siu, MD, CCFP
Medical Advisor, Medical Services, WorkSafeBC
—Celina Dunn, MD, CCFP
Manager, Medical Services, WorkSafeBC
This article is the opinion of WorkSafeBC and has not been peer reviewed by the BCMJ Editorial Board.
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2. WorkSafeBC. Meredith report. Toronto, ON: L.K. Cameron, 1913. Accessed 25 August 2023. www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/about-us/reports/meredith-report.
3. Pineo AV, Robertson D, McVety JH. Pineo report 1916. Victoria, BC: William H. Cullen, 1916. Accessed 25 August 2023. www.worksafebc.com/en/resources/about-us/reports/pineo-report.
4. WorkSafeBC. Our mandate, vision, mission, goals and values. Accessed 25 August 2023. www.worksafebc.com/en/about-us/who-we-are/mission-vision-values.
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