The WorkSafeBC Evidence-Based Practice Group (EBPG) conducted a review of systematic reviews investigating the efficacy of treatments for chronic noncancer pain. The systematic literature search of medical databases, including Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Library’s Health Technology Assessment Database, BIOSIS, Embase, and Medline, was done in April 2010.
The extended summary of the chronic pain report can be viewed at www.worksafebc.com/health_care_providers/Assets/PDF/poster-presentations/ChronicPainTreatmentsEvidence.pdf.
No limitation was employed in this search. The results are summarized below. (View larger table here.)
—Kukuh Noertjojo, MD, MHSc, MSc; Craig Martin, MD, MHSc; Celina Dunn, MD, CCFP
WorkSafeBC Evidence-Based Practice Group
This article has not been peer reviewed.
Available on request by e-mailing firstname.lastname@example.org or calling 604 232-5883. An extended summary of this review is accessible from the Evidence-based Medicine page on WorkSafeBC.com (www.worksafebc.com/evidence.)
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org