Building interprofessional maternity care in BC
Pregnant women in some BC communities can face fragmented and siloed perinatal care, split between family doctors, registered midwives, and obstetricians—who may not communicate, collaborate, or even trust each other.
For pregnant women, such a situation can be stressful and confusing, and can mar their maternity care journey. Should they choose a midwife, GP, or OB? What if their pregnancy develops complications—how is care shared or referred? In some communities, the situation is complicated by too few providers for all the pregnant women needing care. In other communities, too many providers compete with each other for patients.
For providers, these issues contribute to professional stress and dissatisfaction, burnout, and even the personal decision to stop providing maternity care, which can then undermine the sustainability of all maternity services in the region.
Building trusting collaborative teams
Research has shown that effective interprofessional collaborative (IPC) maternity care increases access to care, improves quality, and enhances care provider satisfaction and retention.[1-3]
But how can providers realistically create a more collaborative network—one that puts patients’ needs at the centre while improving the working environment and relationships for all the care providers involved?
Helping answer that question is the rationale behind a Shared Care initiative aligned with other maternity work of the GPSC, the Rural Coordination Centre of BC, and Perinatal Services BC. Called the Maternity Network, the initiative aims to support maternity care providers in BC communities as they embark on local relationship-building and information-finding activities to improve interprofessional collaboration and create more patient-centred care.
It has long been known that expecting various providers to “just collaborate!” simply doesn’t work. It takes more than that. It takes a process of trust-building engagement that has maternity providers getting to know each other, clarifying scopes of practice and roles, dispelling myths and misperceptions, and learning about the needs of patients and each maternity care provider in the region.
With this information and that trust, maternity professionals can begin working together to co-create community-based solutions.
Communities leading the way
In the last 5 years, a few communities—Comox, Penticton/South Okanagan, and Kootenay Boundary—have led the way in piloting process-driven forms of engagement, which have included needs-assessment surveys of both providers and patients, patient journey-mapping, and meetings and events to promote dialogue, relationship-building, and solution-finding. Each community developed solutions tailored to local needs.
In Comox, through events such as a World Cafe, providers learned that they have more in common than the differences they once perceived, and with this understanding, cooperating to co-develop local solutions became easier. Examples of those solutions included creating a well-defined, easy-to-navigate patient pathway; and piloting group prenatal care that brings midwifery and family practice patients together for medical care, education, and peer support. Providers have clearly defined the various roles and now regularly communicate and cooperate.
In the South Okanagan, the process of engagement has encompassed all providers, and established a new pilot perinatal clinic at the Penticton Regional Hospital, which includes four maternity GPs and a registered midwife. Holding weekly meetings to discuss cases and creating standardized protocols have fostered rewarding collaborative relationships and clarified patient pathways among all local maternity providers, not only those who work at the clinic. A survey of providers found the process has increased trust among maternity care providers by 60%, and contributed to the more sustainable delivery of local maternity services because care is collaborative, not competitive.
In Kootenay Boundary, where travel can be a significant barrier for maternity care, provider collaboration has resulted in the development of telematernity technology, meaning that patients can now meet with their GP and maternity provider through a virtual visit in their GP’s office. Additionally, a collaborative approach was used to develop a perinatal mental health program for women at risk of depression or anxiety.
Now seven other communities—Thompson, Sea-to-Sky, Nanaimo, Chilliwack, Surrey/North Delta, Vancouver, and the East Kootenays—have embarked on similar engagement processes with seed funding from Shared Care, using some of the lessons learned from Comox, South Okanagan, and Kootenay Boundary. The majority of those communities are in the action phase of their projects, with providers working together to bring local needs-based solutions to fruition.
A new round of Shared Care funding will be available this fall for applications for other communities wanting to explore ways to improve maternity care collaboration in their region. For more information, contact Nancy Falconer at email@example.com.
Shared Care Liaison, Maternity Network
—Lee Yeates, RM, MHM
Collaborative Practice Consultant, Maternity Network
1. Blanchard MH, Kriebs JM. A successful model of collaborative practice in a university-based maternity care setting. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am 2012;39:367-372.
2. Harris SJ, Janssen PA, Saxell L, et al. Effect of a collaborative interdisciplinary maternity care program on perinatal outcomes. CMAJ 2012;184:1885-1892.
3. Peterson WE, Medves JM, Davies BL, Graham ID. Multidisciplinary collaborative maternity care in Canada: Easier said than done. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2007;29:880-886.
Nancy Falconer,, Lee Yeates, RM, MHM. Building interprofessional maternity care in BC. BCMJ, Vol. 60, No. 7, September, 2018, Page(s) 370,373 - Shared Care Committee.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org