The new Five Plus website (www.fiveplusbc.ca) encourages women to take five steps that may help to prevent breast cancer, plus two actions for possible early detection. The website also contains information about how these five risk factors affect breast health and how best to detect breast cancer early.
1. Maintain a healthy body weight.
2. Maintain an active lifestyle.
3. Limit alcohol consumption.
4. Breastfeed if possible.
5. Weigh the risks and benefits of hormone therapy.
1. Be aware of the look and feel of your breasts so you notice any changes.
2. Book a mammogram every 2 years if you are between the ages of 50 to 74. Mammograms for women age 40 to 49 or over 74 can also be considered.
The Five Plus actions are based on current research and were developed by a team of BC experts in breast health. Led by the BC Cancer Agency, the Five Plus initiative is a part of the Provincial Breast Health Strategy, which unites various health agencies and partners to improve breast cancer screening, diagnosis, and prevention across BC.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org