Preventing knee osteoarthritis in youth who play sports
When kids injure their knees playing sports like soccer, not many of us think about how that injury will manifest itself 10 or 15 years down the road. Millions of Canadians currently live with the pain and disability of osteoarthritis. It is estimated that by 2040, 25% of all Canadians will have osteoarthritis. This percentage will be higher in those who suffer a traumatic knee injury.
Dr Jackie Whittaker is a research scientist of musculoskeletal rehabilitation at Arthritis Research Canada. The focus of her research is understanding the connection between youth sport knee injuries and early onset osteoarthritis, as well as osteoarthritis prevention.
Soccer is the highest participatory sport in Canada, and it is a sport with a high injury risk. While very good injury prevention programs exist, such as the 11+ Injury Prevention Program that can reduce knee injuries by up to 50%, it isn’t known what someone can do after an injury to minimize their risk for developing osteoarthritis.
Whittaker also describes that obesity and muscle weakness have been identified as risk factors, so keeping muscles strong and staying active after an injury to avoid weight gain are important. She points out that the red flag isn’t when you have swelling and pain, it’s when you are becoming less and less active because of your knee. The last thing you want someone to do is stop sport or physical activities altogether. However, it can be challenging and sometimes support is needed.
Currently, the treatment of young athletes who suffer a knee injury focuses on returning them to sport. Few seek care beyond their injury, and little effort is made to prevent osteoarthritis. Further research with a team of patients and clinicians is expected to improve treatment outcomes and reduce the burden of osteoarthritis and related conditions for young Canadians who suffer a sport knee injury.
For more information about Dr Whittaker’s upcoming research study, “Preventing osteoarthritis after a sport knee injury; Stop OsteoARthritis (SOAR),” visit www.arthritisresearch.ca/research/stop-osteoarthritis-soar.
. Preventing knee osteoarthritis in youth who play sports. BCMJ, Vol. 62, No. 1, January, February, 2020, Page(s) 29 - News.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org