As part of the 2012 National Physician Survey, medical students and residents were asked several questions about the education-related debt they have or will acquire by the end of their medical education. For students, the percentage expecting to have no debt at the end of medical school remains constant at about 10% according to 2004, 2007, 2010, and 2012 survey results. However, the proportion of those expecting debt of $100 000 or more has doubled from 15% in 2004 to 30% in 2012, representing a significant portion of the student body. Only 1% of students surveyed in 2004 expected a debt load of $160 000 or more, a number which increased to 13% in 2012.
Of residents surveyed, 18% expect to have no education-related debt upon completion of their training program. One-third of residents expect debt of over $100 000 and 19% expect debt of more than $160 000, up slightly from 2010. Government or university-based financial assistance through grants or loans were at least partially meeting the needs of 58% of the students, up from 44% in 2004. The figure for residents was lower with 43% reporting in 2012 that their needs were met or partially met, down slightly from 45% in 2010.
The full results of the 2012 National Physician Survey can be viewed at http://nationalphysiciansurvey.ca/off-to-work-i-owe-education-related-debt/.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org