A lack of physical activity, a poor diet, and too much stress are taking their toll on the health of Canadians, says a new UBC study. Researchers from UBC’s Faculty of Medicine caution that too many Canadians live with a number of health issues that impact their ability to lead healthy lifestyles.
Dr Brodie Sakakibara is an assistant professor with the Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management based at UBC Okanagan. He and colleagues from UBC’s Department of Physical Therapy recently published a study examining how common it is for Canadians to have multiple, and serious, health conditions.
Stroke, heart disease, and diabetes are three of the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. These cardiometabolic diseases, mostly caused by lifestyle behaviors, are the leading causes of health resource use, hospitalizations, morbidity, and mortality in Canada. Using data from a 2016 Canadian Community Health Survey with 689 300 respondents, researchers investigated cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CM) and its connection to physical activity, diet, and stress. The study reports that the number of Canadians with CM or at risk of CM is high, and an increasing onset of cardiometabolic conditions is associated with higher chances of physical inactivity and stress. Sakakibara adds that health care management for people with multiple chronic diseases is traditionally based on disease-specific strategies often independent of one another, leading to fragmented care with multiple care providers and systems.
While becoming more active, lowering stress, and eating well won’t cure all ailments, Sakakibara says it would certainly be a step in the right direction. The study suggests the time has come for greater efforts to prevent CM in individuals at high risk, as well as efforts to help people with CM better manage their health and well-being. This study, partially funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Michael Smith Foundation, was published in BMC Public Health. It is available at https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-7682-4.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org