A recent economic study found that increasing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) treatment for people with HIV/AIDS will provide significant cost savings over a relatively short period of time and help to prevent HIV transmission.
The analysis demonstrated that increasing HAART treatment coverage from the current estimated 50% to 75% of all clinically eligible British Columbians (HIV-infected individuals with CD4 cell counts below 350 cells/ul) would deliver a net benefit of US $900 million over 30 years.
The analysis of HAART coverage in British Columbia, published recently in AIDS, the official journal of the International AIDS Society, is the first comprehensive economic evaluation of the net benefit of HAART in the province.
HAART lowers viral load, stopping HIV from progressing to AIDS in individuals and helping to prevent HIV transmission. The study’s key finding shows that while expanding HAART use is cost-effective for individual patients, the benefits increase when HAART’s ability to prevent HIV transmission is considered.
The BC government recently invested in a $48 million, 4-year pilot project—the Seek and Treat program—in Prince George and Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside to extend HAART treatment to all people in medical need living with HIV.
The program will improve access to HIV/AIDS treatment and care among hard-to-reach populations. The Seek and Treat program is currently being evaluated as part of the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS research program, Seek and Treat for the Optimal Prevention of HIV/AIDS (STOP HIV/AIDS).
A full copy of the study is available at www.cfenet.ubc.ca/our-work/initiatives/seek-and-treat.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org