The Guidelines and Protocols Advisory Committee’s (GPAC) guideline for Hypertension—Diagnosis and Management provides recommendations on how to diagnose and manage hypertension (HTN) in adults aged ≥ 19 years and is available to physicians across British Columbia via BCGuidelines.ca.
• 140/90 or lower is the desirable blood pressure reading for an adult with no comorbid conditions, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or other target organ damage.
• When taking office blood pressure readings, the use of an automated office blood pressure measuring electronic device is recommended.
• Consider 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring or home blood pressure monitoring to confirm a hypertension diagnosis.
• Instigate pharmaceutical management in the context of the patient’s overall cardiovascular risk and not solely on their blood pressure.
• Lifestyle management is recommended for those with mild hypertension (average blood pressure = 140 – 159/90 – 99), low risk for cardiovascular disease, and no comorbidities.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org