At the end of the 20th century it was thought that tuberculosis was on its way to being eradicated around the world. But the disease has come back with a vengeance: 2 million people die of TB each year.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams are fighting the resurgence of TB around the globe, in southern Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia.
The return of TB is accompanied by an even more worrisome phenomenon: one in four people who have tuberculosis become ill with a form of the disease that can no longer be treated with standard drug regimens.
Every year 120000 people around the world die from this so-called MDR-TB, while nearly a half-million new cases are identified. Among those, 97.5% do not have access to an appropriate diagnosis or treatment and must live from day to day with this infectious and potentially deadly disease.
Young children have been among the main victims of this long-standing neglect. The World Health Organization estimates that 1 million children each year develop TB. The true number is likely to be even higher since children with TB can be very difficult to diagnose.
The most commonly used diagnostic tool for TB—the microscopy test of patients’ sputum—has remained substantially the same since it was developed well over a century ago. Microscopy misses about as many patients as it detects, and is particularly poor at detecting TB in patients coinfected with HIV/AIDS or in children.
A test that gives results fast and accurately is needed. To speed up the creation of a new TB test, MSF is suggesting a prize fund competition. See www.msf.ca for more information.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org