Law and Ethics in Biomedical Research: Regulation, conflict of interest, and liability. Edited by Trudo Lemmens and Duff R. Waring. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. Hardcover: ISBN 0802089763, $65; paper: ISBN 0802086438, $35.
This book is a must-read for any physician, whether involved in research practice or not. While portions of this book have appeared in other publications, the sum of this book is an excellent précis on research ethics and sets the foundation for what is and what is not professional practice for physicians who conduct clinical research.
The book is also uniquely written for a Canadian audience, and cites important Canadian ethical and legal foundations. The book opens with a poignant piece written by Paul Gelsinger, father of Jesse Gelsinger, outlining the tragic circumstances under which his son was involved in a gene transfer clinical trial. Specific topics include research regulation, conflict of interest, and liability.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org