The number of people around the world who suffer from blindness is decreasing, according to new figures released by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to new WHO estimates, 39 million people are blind, down from 45 million in 2000, and 246 million have significant visual impairment, down from 314 million in 2000.
Historically the number of blind people worldwide has always increased along with the world’s population, particularly its population over age 50.
Seva Canada Society, a non-profit organization founded in 1982 to eliminate preventable blindness and restore sight, participates in Vision 2020, a global initiative for the elimination of avoidable blindness.
In the past year Seva’s partners have performed over 500000 eye surgeries and screened over 3 million people in some of the poorest regions on Earth.
Vision 2020 is a joint program of WHO and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness with an international membership of NGOs, professional associations, eye-care institutions, and corporations.
Seva and other members of the Vision 2020 initiative are working to provide care to the approximately 80% of visually impaired people worldwide who could potentially be cured, treated, or have their blindness prevented.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
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For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org