Re: Dr Sydney Friedman

I commend Dr Brian Day for his article celebrating Dr Sydney Friedman’s wonderful contribution to the UBC medical school [BCMJ 2014;56:480-481]. I was in one of the early classes at UBC and was recruited by Dr Friedman as a summer student in research—an opportunity that has served me well throughout my long career at UBC Pathology.

What should be added and emphasized is that the most current and continuing initiative of Dr Friedman’s is the Friedman Scholars Program, which encourages broad interests in graduate students and provides opportunities for future health sciences scholars to learn from global experts. Dr Friedman created the Scholars Program via a substantial personal donation. All of us who have benefited through interactions as students or practitioners can help by donating to the Friedman Scholars Fund. As a current board member of the foundation, I encourage all to help too! 

If you need any information about the Friedman Scholars Program or how to donate, please contact John Fleming at or call 604 822-8767.
—David F. Hardwick, MD

David F. Hardwick, MD, FRCPC,. Re: Dr Sydney Friedman. BCMJ, Vol. 57, No. 2, March, 2015, Page(s) 56 - Letters.

Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.

About the ICMJE and citation styles

The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.

An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.

BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:

  • Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
  • There is no period after the journal name.
  • Page numbers are not abbreviated.

For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit

BCMJ Guidelines for Authors

Leave a Reply