The term “evidence-based medicine” first appeared in the medical literature in the early 1990s. Today the concept is almost ubiquitous in clinical practice, with its attendant high expectation of improvement in outcome.
To paraphrase David Sackett, evidence-based medicine is the combination of judicious use of current best evidence, clinical expertise, and patient preferences in clinical decision making. But determining what evidence is best evidence can be a complicated undertaking. Barriers to the adoption of these principles can be daunting, and include the time it takes to search out the “best,” wading through irrelevant retrieval, lack of easy access to resources, and cost.
The College helps busy clinicians overcome these obstacles by maintaining access to high-quality EBM resources through its website. Point-of-care tools such as ACP PIER and BMJ Point of Care are easily accessible through the Library’s section of www.cpsbc.ca. These tools provide evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis and treatment and are specially designed to provide quick and authoritative answers. A search of Ovid Medline under “Search Medline, etc” gives the user access to a number of full-text EBM resources, including the Cochrane Collection. Filters known as “clinical queries” in Medline, along with the subject subset “systematic reviews,” helps narrow down a broad search to those articles that provide the “best” evidence.
To reduce the hurdles of access further, the Library also subscribes to over 2000 electronic journals, with free access for College registrants. If time is of concern, the Library offers accredited courses in evidence-based medicine searching to help clinicians develop expertise in search techniques and filtering evidence. And if time for learning is also short, the College librarians are available to provide evidence-based bibliographies on request.
This article is the opinion of the Library of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of BC and has not been peer reviewed by the BCMJ Editorial Board.
Above is the information needed to cite this article in your paper or presentation. The International Committee
of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends the following citation style, which is the now nearly universally
accepted citation style for scientific papers:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
About the ICMJE and citation styles
The ICMJE is small group of editors of general medical journals who first met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals. The group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for bibliographic references developed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), were first published in 1979. The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually. The ICMJE created the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals to help authors and editors create and distribute accurate, clear, easily accessible reports of biomedical studies.
An alternate version of ICMJE style is to additionally list the month an issue number, but since most journals use continuous pagination, the shorter form provides sufficient information to locate the reference. The NLM now lists all authors.
BCMJ standard citation style is a slight modification of the ICMJE/NLM style, as follows:
- Only the first three authors are listed, followed by "et al."
- There is no period after the journal name.
- Page numbers are not abbreviated.
For more information on the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, visit www.icmje.org